When we observe different things around us, then we come to know that these different things in the universe work in a different way. The name of the logical approach that is used to discover the functions of these things is known as Science. The process of evaluating a specific thing through the Scientific method consists of different steps like making the observations, gathering the information, formulating the hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, analyzing the collected data, and performing the experiment. If you don’t have enough idea about the Scientific method, then you can get help from the essay writing services. 

1-History of Science
The history of Science consists of the history of the Scientific facts, Medicine as well as technology from the beginning to now. When we talk about the history of the Science, then a common phenomenon comes to our mind that to develop the knowledge about the different scientific facts as well as about the Scientific methods. In the history of the Science, there comes the natural as well as Social Science. There are many ways to gather the data about the Scientific facts like Empirical, Theoretical, and Practical. The history of Science was started in the Middle Ages by the Muslim Scientists like Ibn-e-Al-Haytham and Al-Khwardmi. Later on, it was developed and flourished by the British Scientists.

Nowadays, the knowledge of Science is sub-divided into many branches like Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and so on. The most famous scientists in the history of Biology are Charles Darwin, James Watson, Lois Pasteur, Rober Hooke, and so on. The most famous scientists in the history of Physics are Albert Einstein, Isaac Newton, Stephen Hawking, Michael Faraday, James Clerk Maxwell, and so on. The most famous scientists in the history of Chemistry are Marie Curie, Linus Pauling, John Dalton, Pierre Curie, J. J. Thomson, Robert Bunsen, and so on. The most famous scientists in the history of Mathematics are Archimedes, Leonhard Euler, Omar Khayyam, Daniel Bernoulli, Paul Dirac, and so on.

2-Philosophy of Science

If we study the fundamental nature of the knowledge, then this thing comes into the Philosophy. A sub-field of the Philosophy in which we study the different methods and the applications of the Science is known as the Philosophy of the Science. The basic aim of studying Philosophy of Science is to provide a clear definition of the Science, to provide the explanation about the different scientific facts, to justify these facts of Science, to observe the theory that relates to these facts, and the basic purpose of devising these facts of the Science.

The basic concepts that are attached to the Philosophy of the Science are Epistemology, Empiricism, Induction, Deduction, Demarcation of the problem, Falsification, and Paradigm shifts. The most famous personalities who gave the Philosophy of the Science are Aristotle, Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes, Piere Duhem, Karl Popper, and Thoma Kuhn. The Philosophy of Science provides us with the answers to the following questions;

1) What are the basic laws of nature?

2) How to distinguish between a real cause and an accidental regularity?

3) What kinds of the evidence are required to accept any kind of the hypothesis?